Haifa is the biggest city in northern Israel, and the third biggest city in the nation, with a populace of more than 272,181. Another 300,000 individuals live in towns specifically neighboring the city including Daliyat al-Karmel, the Krayot, Nesher, Tirat Carmel, and some Kibbuzim. Together these territories shape a coterminous urban zone home to almost 600,000 occupants which makes up the internal center of the Haifa metropolitan area. It is likewise home to the Bahá’í World Center, an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Based on the inclines of Mount Carmel, the historical backdrop of settlement at the site traverses over 3,000 years. The most punctual known settlement in the region was Tell Abu Hawam, a little port city set up in the Late Bronze Age (fourteenth century BCE). In the third century CE, Haifa was known as a color making focus. Throughout the hundreds of years, the city has changed hands: It has been vanquished and controlled by the Phoenicians, Persians, Hasmoneans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, Ottomans, British, and the Israelis. Since the foundation of the State of Israel in 1948; the city has been administered by the Haifa Municipality.
Today, the city is a noteworthy seaport situated on Israel’s Mediterranean coastline in the Bay of Haifa covering 63.7 square kilometers (24.6 sq mi). It is situated around 90 kilometers (56 mi) north of Tel Aviv and is the major local focal point of northern Israel. Two regarded scholarly establishments, the University of Haifa and the Technion, are situated in Haifa, and the city assumes a vital part in Israel’s economy. It is home to Matam, one of the most seasoned and biggest cutting edge stops in the country. Haifa Bay is a focal point of overwhelming industry, oil refining and synthetic preparing. Haifa was some time ago the western end of an oil pipeline from Iraq by means of Jordan.